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Ration Card: Biggest Govt Scheme in the World

77 Crore Peoples benefited by Ration Card in India which is considered as the world biggest govt scheme covered by One Nation, One Ration Card. Lets know the historical background of Ration Card and how many countries have this scheme ?

What is the Ration Card?


Ration Card is an official document issued by the state governments of India to households eligible to purchase subsidized food grains from the Public Distribution System under the National Food Security Act. They also serve as a common form of identification for many Indians.

Ration Card is an official document issued by the state governments of India to households eligible to purchase subsidized food grains from the Public Distribution System under the National Food Security Act. They also serve as a common form of identification for many Indians. ration card online,
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History of the Ration Card.


This scheme was first started on January 14, 1945, during World War II, and launched in its current form in June 1947. The introduction of rationing in India dates back to the Bengal famine of the 1940s. In order provide foods to the peoples it has been introduced.

Why was the Ration Card introduced in India?

Read more: Ration Card: Biggest Govt Scheme in the World


It allows migrant workers and their families to access PDS (Public Distribution System) benefits from any Fair Price Store anywhere in the country using Ration Card, thus guaranteeing food security through interstate portability of ration cards. Actually, It was introduced in the era of World War-II, 1945.

Which Act enabled the Ration Card Scheme in India?

Read more: Ration Card: Biggest Govt Scheme in the World


Under The National Food Safety Act, 2013 Section 10 (1a and 1b) of the National Food Security Act requires state governments to identify households to be covered under the priority and AAY categories within one year of the inception of the NFSA and post the list of eligible households identified in the public domain.

Total Ration Card in India

77 Crore peoples are covered by One Nation, One Ration Card in India. In number, its around 19 Crore card according to the NFSA website.

3Types Of Ration Cards in India

Types of Ration Card vary based on State Govt. 3 types of Ration Card is available under got scheme. But on in general. Yellow, While and Safforn cards are under NFSA presently.

Types Of Ration Card
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